Pelvic Pain – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

A person lying on a bed, clutching their lower abdomen, a posture that often indicates discomfort or pain.

Pelvic pain is one of the most serious conditions that have a significant negative impact on a woman’s quality of life. It is caused by a variety of circumstances, and the symptoms differ from person to person. Pelvic floor physiotherapy is frequently cited as one of the most effective therapies for pelvic pain.


This article will cover all you need to know about pelvic pain, including the causes, symptoms, and treatment choices.


What is Pelvic Pain?

Pelvic pain is discomfort that occurs between the navel and the thighs. It might be sharp or dull, and it can be intermittent or chronic.


Many people believe that pelvic pain only refers to pain in the area of a woman’s reproductive organs. However, this is not always the case; in some cases, it can impact men also. Pelvic pain is a sign of an infection. It can, however, be caused by pelvic bone pain or pain in non-reproductive internal organs.


Pelvic pain might be an indication of a problem with one of the pelvic reproductive organs. Pelvic pain can be acute, meaning it arises abruptly and lasts a short time, or chronic, meaning it continues for a long time.


What are its Causes of it?

There are numerous reasons for pelvic pain, making diagnosis and therapy difficult.


However, some of the most common causes are as follows:


Endometriosis: This is a condition in which tissue from the womb’s lining grows outside of the uterus.


Inflammation of the pelvis: This can happen if a long-term infection, usually sexually transmitted, creates scarring in your pelvic organs.


Irritable bowel syndrome: Bloating, constipation, or diarrhea caused by irritable bowel syndrome can be a source of pelvic pain and strain.


Ovarian cysts: After the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes are surgically removed, a little piece of the ovary may be left inside and produce painful cysts.


Musculoskeletal issues: Conditions of the bones, joints, and connective tissues.


The exact reason for pelvic pain cannot be discovered in many cases. Most women, however, can find relief from their problems with the correct diagnosis and treatment.


What are the Symptoms of Pelvic Pain?

Pelvic pain can be a sign of a variety of conditions, so it is critical to pay attention to when and how the pain comes.


For example, pain that is worse during menstrual periods or intercourse may be caused by endometriosis, while pain that is chronic and unremitting may be indicative of pelvic inflammatory disease.


Pelvic pain can also be an indication of ovarian cysts or fibroids. If the pain is accompanied by additional symptoms such as fever, nausea, or vomiting, it is critical to get medical assistance right away because they could indicate a serious condition such as appendicitis. Fortunately, most women can find relief from their difficulties.


You may also experience:

  • A dull ache

  • Cramping or sharp aches

  • Deep pressure or heaviness in your pelvic

  • Intercourse unpleasantness

  • Pain when peeing or having a bowel movement Pain when sitting for lengthy periods of time


How is Pelvic Pain Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of pelvic pain might be difficult for healthcare providers. In many circumstances, taking a medical history and performing a physical examination is the initial step in diagnosing. This can aid in ruling out specific illnesses and narrowing down the list of likely causes.


To gain a better look at the pelvis, imaging tests such as ultrasounds and MRI scans may be done. In some circumstances, a laparoscopy may be required. A tiny camera is put into the abdomen to visualize the pelvic organs during this surgical operation.


Some additional diagnostic tests may be performed, such as:

  • Urine and blood tests

  • Pregnancy tests for women of reproductive age.

  • Vaginal or penile cultures for sexually transmitted infections.

  • X-rays of the abdomen and pelvis.


What Treatments are Available for Pelvic Pain and Which one is Right for You?

There is no one-size-fits-all treatment for pelvic pain. Pelvic pain can be caused by several factors, ranging from endometriosis and ovarian cysts to pelvic floor dysfunction and interstitial cystitis. As a result, depending on the underlying condition, the optimum treatment approach will differ.


There are, however, a few standard treatments that are frequently used to address pelvic pain. Over-the-counter pain medications, for example, can assist control of minor discomfort. If the pain is severe, prescription medicines may be necessary.


Furthermore, two distinct treatments are suggested


Surgery. If the discomfort is caused by a problem with one of the pelvic organs, surgery or other procedures may be required.


Physical therapy. In some circumstances, your healthcare physician may recommend physical therapy to relieve pelvic pain.


Ultimately, you will need to collaborate closely with your doctor to determine the best treatment options and stay in touch with them during your therapy. Before determining the optimal treatment for you, your doctor may need to explore multiple approaches.



How can You Prevent Pelvic Pain from Occurring in the First Place?

The best way to prevent pelvic pain is to take steps to avoid it in the first place. Some of the best ways to do this include:

  • Wearing loose-fitting clothing: Tight clothing can put pressure on the pelvis, which can exacerbate pain.

  • Avoiding constipation: Straining during bowel movements can put unnecessary pressure on the pelvic region.

  • Exercising regularly: This helps to strengthen the muscles and ligaments around the pelvis, which can help to prevent pain.

  • Practicing good posture: Poor posture puts extra strain on the muscles and ligaments in the pelvis, which can lead to pain.

  • Taking these simple steps can go a long way in preventing pelvic pain from occurring in the first place.


Tips for Living With Pelvic Pain

First, determine the source of the pain and work with a healthcare expert to build a treatment strategy. Physical therapy, medicines, and other therapies may be used.


Furthermore, self-care strategies such as moderate stretching and relaxation techniques can frequently aid to reduce pain levels. Pacing activities and taking pauses during the day are also helpful to avoid exacerbating the disease.


Finally, living a healthy lifestyle that includes eating nutritious meals and exercising on a regular basis will help to improve overall well-being and may help to alleviate pelvic pain.


While living with pelvic pain can be difficult, there are ways to manage the condition and enhance the quality of life. People living with pelvic pain can learn to cope with the disease and live satisfying lives by working with a healthcare provider and adopting self-care techniques into their everyday lives.


Pelvic pain is a common condition that can have a significant impact on quality of life. However, there are things that can be done to manage the pain and improve overall well-being. If you are living with pelvic pain, talk to your healthcare provider about treatment options and self-care measures that can help.


Some articles related to other physical therapies for different body pain can be found here.