Parkinson’s Disease – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

A nurse assists an elderly man with a walker, outdoors in a garden setting.

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological disorder that causes movement difficulties. It is caused by the loss of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. Its symptoms include tremors, difficulties walking, and changes in speech. There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, although there are treatments that can help minimize symptoms. We will cover the causes, symptoms, and therapies for Parkinson’s disease in this blog article.


What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s is a chronic disease that causes nerve cell death in the substantia nigra. What exactly is nigra? It is the part of the brain that controls movement. Patients with Parkinson’s disease typically shake or display other abnormal movements as a result of this loss.


Are you aware that Parkinson’s disease affects around 1 million people in the United States? It is one of the most serious chronic illnesses, with symptoms that usually develop gradually and increase over time. As time passes, the illness worsens, leading patients to have difficulty walking and sometimes speaking. Doctors do not have a definitive answer for the cause of Parkinson’s disease. However, it is thought to be caused by a mix of inherited and environmental factors.


What Causes It?

As previously said, we do not have a definitive explanation about the origins. However, there are two major reasons.


The two causes are as follows:


Genetic factor: Many researchers have now found a variety of genetic changes that may be the cause of Parkinson’s disease. They believe that if your family has a history of Parkinson’s disease, you are more likely to get the disease.


Environmental factors: It is yet another cause of Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease risk may be increased later in life by environmental variables like pollutants.


Who Gets Parkinson’s?

Parkinson’s disease affects both males and women. Men are 1.5 times more likely to be affected. It is also more common in the elderly. Parkinson’s disease is uncommon among young adults. It generally manifests itself in middle or late life, and the risk increases with age. Only roughly 4 out of every 100 instances involve adults under the age of 50.


Every year, roughly 60,000 people in the United States realize they have Parkinson’s disease. It is undeniable that this condition affects around 1 million people in the United States and 10 million people worldwide. If you have Parkinson’s disease in your family, you are more likely to develop it.


What are the symptoms?

Parkinson’s disease symptoms include

  1. The initial sign is tremors in various parts of your body. Body parts like the head, arms, legs, or hands
  2. Your muscles begin to stiffen. The muscle remains contracted for a lengthy amount of time.
  3. Every movement you make will get slower.
  4. You will have poor coordination and balance. This can result in falls.

These symptoms typically develop slowly over time, and as the disease progresses, patients may also experience dementia, depression, and anxiety.



Parkinson’s disease is currently diagnosed mostly based on the symptoms listed above. When doctors suspect Parkinson’s disease or need to rule out other conditions, they can use a variety of imaging and diagnostic procedures. These include blood tests, CT scans, genetic testing, and MRIs.



There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating Parkinson’s disease because symptoms and progression differ from person to person.


However, there are a variety of therapy options available to help people with Parkinson’s disease enhance their quality of life.


Medications can be used to treat symptoms such as tremors, muscle rigidity, and anxiety.


Physical therapy can aid with mobility and flexibility, whereas occupational therapy can teach new capabilities for everyday living. Massage therapy is used to relieve stress, and yoga and tai chi are used to promote mobility and flexibility.


Surgery may be a possibility in rare circumstances to address mobility issues. Deep brain stimulation may also be recommended by a doctor for those with Parkinson’s disease.


However, education and support are the most important aspects of treatment. People with Parkinson’s disease and their caregivers must learn about the disease and how to manage it effectively. Despite the limitations of Parkinson’s disease, it is possible to live a full and active life with the correct information and support.

In Summary

Parkinson’s disease is a neurological illness that is chronic and progressive. Parkinson’s disease has no established origin, however, it is assumed to be caused by a mix of hereditary and environmental factors. Tremors, muscular stiffness, and slowness of movement are the most common signs of Parkinson’s disease. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating Parkinson’s disease, but various medications, therapies, and surgeries may be effective in managing the symptoms. The most important aspect of treatment is education and support. With the right information and support, it is possible to live a full and active life despite the challenges of Parkinson’s disease.


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